Exxon’s new greenhouse gas targets trail competitors’ goals

Kevin Crowley December 01, 2021

HOUSTON (Bloomberg) --Exxon Mobil Corp. pledged on Wednesday to cut its greenhouse-gas emissions 20% by 2030, marking its most ambitious emissions target to date but falling far short of the sweeping climate commitments from some of its biggest rivals.

While it’s Exxon’s first explicit commitment to reduce overall pollution, the goals stand in stark contrast to plans by BP Plc and Royal Dutch Shell Plc to totally eliminate emissions by the middle of the century. In addition, Exxon’s target only applies to company operations like oil wells and refineries -- known as Scope 1 and 2 sources -- and excludes the much larger volume of emissions from Scope 3 things like burning gasoline. 

Exxon’s announcement came as part of a revamp of its environmental commitments and long-term strategic outlook after hedge fund Engine No. 1 pulled off a sweeping board shakeup earlier this year that saw a quarter of directors replaced. The victory was widely seen as a warning to the fossil-fuels industry that investors will now hold it to account for environmental issues and reckless spending that destroyed the industry’s returns over the past decade.

Capital Cuts

“We believe the company plan laid out today strikes the right balance between helping society move closer to a net-zero future while providing the products people need for modern living,” Chief Executive Officer Darren Woods said in a statement on the company’s website.

Exxon’s new goals appear to seek thread the needle between climate concerns and the huge petroleum investments that Woods sees as crucial to funding cash flow and dividends.

Recasting the company as a friend of the ecosystem may be a tough sell: Exxon ranked last among the oil supermajors on environmental, social and governance scores prior to Wednesday’s announcement, according to S&P Global Inc.

While Exxon has evolved its stance on climate change since the combative tenure of former CEO Lee Raymond around the turn of the century, current management has been reluctant to follow rivals like BP and Shell in pledging to eliminate all emissions and pivoting away from fossil fuels.

Exxon plans to spend $20 billion to $25 billion a year through 2027. Although that’s about one-third lower than pre-Covid levels, the company said it’ll be enough to double cash flow and earnings compared with 2019 levels.

As part of that budget, Exxon will spent around $3 billion a year on low-carbon investments such as carbon capture, hydrogen and biofuels, and forecast returns in excess of 10% under current government policies.

Although Exxon’s new targets fall short of net zero, they do mean the oil giant will be meaningfully reducing its emissions on an absolute basis. U.S. rival Chevron Corp. outlined a net-zero “aspiration” earlier this year but only pledged to reduce so-called emissions intensity, a controversial measure of pollution per unit of energy that allows oil and natural gas production to increase.

Exxon’s new plan calls for limited increases in oil and natural gas production, with new projects mostly offsetting natural declines from older fields. Production will climb to the equivalent of just over 4 million barrels a day in coming years.

The new plans will generate enough cash to cover Exxon’s $15 billion-a-year dividend, the third largest in the S&P 500 Index, as well as capital spending even if crude were to drop as low as $35 a barrel, Chief Financial Officer Kathy Mikells said during the presentation.

Exxon shares rose 1.4% to $60.68 at 9:32 a.m. in New York on a day when international crude prices were up more than 3%. The stock has advanced 47% this year.

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