Canadian indigenous group pushes back on pipeline study

Robert Tuttle January 15, 2021

CALGARY (Bloomberg) --Efforts by Canada’s government to hire a firm to do a financial analysis of its Trans Mountain pipeline and a facilitator to help indigenous communities have rankled at least one group in British Columbia.

“It’s a joke,” Chief Mike LeBourdais, head of the B.C.-based Western Indigenous Pipeline Group, said in a phone interview about the contract. “They are going to advise the Indians on whether buying a pipeline is good or not.”

The government issued a tender notice on Dec. 23 for a Department of Finance contract “to support participating indigenous groups in making informed decisions about participating economically in Trans Mountain and participating in the Department’s engagement process,” according to the document, which was updated this week.

The government also seeks to hire an individual or group to bring Indigenous groups and government officials together in multilateral discussions, according to a notice issued Jan. 11.

Kinder Morgan encountered stiff opposition to the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion.

At least three groups of indigenous communities in British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan have banded together to buy a stake in Trans Mountain from the government, which bought the Alberta-to-B.C. pipeline for $3.5 billion in 2018. The pipeline was nationalized to keep alive a project to expand the line after original owner Kinder Morgan Inc. threatened to scrap it amid opposition in B.C.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government has said it will sell its ownership once the expansion is completed and de-risked and is open to “indigenous economic participation” in the line. Two years ago, the finance ministry started an engagement process with First Nations communities on economic participation and “nearly all” of the 60 indigenous groups that participated indicated that additional financial information was needed as a precondition, according to the notice.

Building Consensus

The Western Indigenous Pipeline Group is already working with bankers for its plans, LeBourdais said, adding that he sees little benefit in the government’s proposal. “I have people working in the field drawing up cashflows,” he said.

“The government is committed to engaging with indigenous groups about economic participation in Trans Mountain,” a Department of Finance official said Friday by email. “The government does not intend to be the long-term owner of Trans Mountain Corp.”

The government said it seeks to build consensus on the form of economic participation preferred by the communities and to identify or support the formation of “counterparties” that could represent them in a future negotiation with Canada, according to the tender document.

Construction on the Trans Mountain expansion began last year after more than a decade of court battles and delays caused by opposition from groups including many First Nations in B.C., which see the line as a threat to the environment.

Alberta’s oil-sands producers have struggled for years with a shortage of export pipelines and see the pipeline as crucial for getting their crude to markets in Asia. Some in the oil industry argue that indigenous ownership is a way to both lessen opposition to pipeline projects and provide financial help to those communities.

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