Ghawar Field: Discovery of the industry’s oil mecca

Following the discovery of Abqaiq oil field in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia in 1940, a young geologist was mapping adjacent quadrangles near the edge of the Rub’ al-Khali desert. The geologist, Ernie Berg, was specifically mapping a dry river bed known as the Wadi Sahaba, when he noticed that it took a sharp turn to the south, straying from its normal east-west course. There appeared to be no explanation for such a sudden shift in course. The bend then turned again to the east, and disappeared southwest of Qatar.

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