Designing steam-injection flow-control devices for SAGD oil recovery ///

The use of flow-control devices (FCDs) has been shown to improve steam distribution along lateral wellbores.8 By using FCDs on an injection string, steam chamber growth will be more balanced, and the risk of steam breakthrough can be reduced. The use of an FCD with a closing sleeve also provides the operator with the ability to cease steam injection, in a particular region of the lateral bore, if there is some indication that steam breakthrough might have occurred. Some experimental work also has shown that the use of inflow control devices or autonomous inflow control devices, on the producer, can prevent, or limit, the impact of steam breakthrough.

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