Drilling advances ///

When Spindletop hands were trampling cows over a watered-down field to generate their version of a lubricating drilling fluid system, the last thing on their minds was formulating the proper rheological profile. Those nascent mud engineers also had no inkling that over the next 113 years, their ultra-rudimentary concoction would steadily evolve into the most critical element for safe, effective drilling in some of the most unforgiving downhole environments.

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