Coiled tubing equipment and applications are still evolving ///

Before the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944, British engineers developed and produced very long, continuous pipelines for transporting fuel from England to the Continent to supply the Allied armies. PLUTO (Pipe Lines Under The Ocean) comprised the fabrication and laying of several pipelines across the English Channel. This fabrication and spooling of a continuous flexible pipeline provided the foundation for additional developments that eventually led to the tubing strings and technology that are used today by the coiled tubing (CT) industry.

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