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  • First Oil

    Pramod Kulkarni

    Crude oil gets a bad rap these days as a dirty fossil fuel. You can easily imagine environmental hardliners, and uninformed citizens and politicians, recoiling in horror at the mere mention of crude oil. I may be preaching to the choir, but crude oil is an exceptional energy resource that is a mainstay of our civilization. In fact, if crude oil wasn’t available in nature, we would have to invent it. Gasoline and diesel refined from crude oil have higher energy content than coal. Uranium-235 and hydrogen are rated higher, but it is not yet practical to drive a nuclear-powered vehicle, and a fuel cell car is still decades away. Gasoline, which is relatively stable at room temperature, is much more suited as a transportation fuel than either compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG).

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2013 Fracturing Technology

2013 Fracturing Technology