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  • Oriented perforating using abrasive fluid through coiled tubing


    A. D. Nakhwa, S. W. Loving, A. Ferguson and S. N. Shah

    Abrasive fluids have been applied in mechanical cutting and perforating systems for years; the result is a precise cut in any size of tubular. In abrasive perforating, the entry hole created reveals no tubular deformation or flow obstructing debris. Consequently, the sand-laden fluid moves past cement, damage zone or filter cake and into virgin formation. Velocity generated through the nozzles propagates abrasive fluid into multiple reservoir layers, creating numerous pathways. Optimizing the perforation directions allows for cost-effective stimulation through conventional fracturing techniques. Therefore, as an alternative to conventional perforating, oriented abrasive perforating is applied to create channels to natural fractures. This article discusses the development of abrasive perforating coupled with orienting technology for penetrating tubing casing, drill collars and drill pipe, all of which are deployed using coiled tubing or jointed pipe in re-completions. In addition to conventional coiled tubing tools, this system used an engineered weight bar connected to a high-velocity perforating sub.

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