European gas prices surge as Ukraine crisis deepens
BY LARS PAULSSON
LONDON (Bloomberg) -- Natural gas prices from the UK to Germany jumped amid escalating tension in Ukraine, the main transit route of the fuel from Russia to consumers in the west.
UK gas for next-month delivery climbed as much as 10 percent, the biggest gain since September 2011, on the ICE Futures Europe exchange in London. Dutch gas for April 2014 increased as much as 10 percent, the most ever, while the German contract at the NetConnect hub rose as much as 8.1 percent, according to broker data compiled by Bloomberg.
The standoff over Ukraine intensified over the weekend as the former Soviet state put its forces on combat readiness and Russia’s President Vladimir Putin threatened to invade the nation that transits 16 percent of Europe’s gas use. The region’s biggest stockpiles of the fuel since at least 2008 are damping concerns over supply amid the threat of disruptions.
“A military confrontation is possible and that always leads to insecurity in the market,” Tobias Meyer, who buys and sells gas for Frankfurt-based Gas-Union GmbH, said today by telephone. “That’s what prices reflect today. I didn’t expect such a price spike especially in the short-term market as the supply situation is still really good. Should the political situation ease, then prices may drop rather quickly again.”
UK gas rose as high as 61.95 pence a therm ($10.35 a million British thermal units) before trading at 59.8 pence at 11:25 a.m. London time. Dutch gas climbed as high as 25.40 euros a megawatt-hour while the German NetConnect contract increased to as much as 25.60 euros a megawatt-hour.
European utilities including EON SE and RWE AG, Germany’s two biggest, buy gas from Russia under long-term contracts linked to the price of oil. Security of supply for utilities probably won’t be “materially affected,” Citigroup Inc. said.
Natural gas supplies to Ukraine are not disrupted, Andrey Kruglov, the chief financial officer of Russian pipeline gas export monopoly OAO Gazprom, said today at an investor day.
“Everything is fine,” he said in London.
Ukraine’s daily imports of the fuel from Russia rose to 45 million cubic meters as of March 1 compared with 20 million cubic meters a year earlier and flows to Europe have not been disrupted, an official at Ukrainian national pipeline manager Ukrtransgaz said today by phone from Kiev, asking not to be identified in line with policy.
Wholesale gas costs jumped in January 2009 after Russian supplies via Ukraine halted amid a dispute over prices and transit terms.
Europe also imports gas through pipelines from Norway, the region’s second-biggest supplier, as well as Algeria and Libya and as liquefied natural gas on board ships.
“As has been the case in the recent past when tension has arisen between Russia and Ukraine, there are concerns about Russian gas supplies into Europe via Ukraine,” Citigroup analysts including Sofia Savvantidou in London said today in a note to clients. “We believe there is ample infrastructure for gas to flow into Europe via alternative routes.”
Ukraine last year transited about 86 billion cubic meters of gas, or about 34 percent of total European imports and 53 percent of Gazprom’s exports to Europe and Turkey, according to data from Ukraine’s Energy Ministry and Gazprom.
“It’s understandable that gas prices rise now as markets fear a potential escalation of the situation in Ukraine and especially on Crimea,” Eugen Weinberg, head of commodities research at Commerzbank AG in Frankfurt, said today by phone. “Russia is still the most important gas supplier to Europe.”
UK gas stockpiles were 55 percent full on March 2, the highest for the time of year since at least 2008, according to data from Gas Infrastructure Europe. Inventories in Germany were 60 percent full, also the most since at least 2008, while Italian stores were at 51 percent, the highest since 2011.
“I would imagine that financial players have used the ongoing situation in Ukraine to ratchet up the price,” Nick Campbell, an energy analyst at Inspired Energy Plc in Kirkham, England, said by email. “The continent is running on coal at the moment so there’s plenty of gas swishing around in Europe.”