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  • Second-generation interval control valves improve performance in harsh environments

    Jameel Rahman, Clifford Allen and Gireesh Bhat

    Advances in exploration and seismic imaging technologies have opened up new opportunities for large, deepwater field developments in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM), offshore Brazil, Asia-Pacific and offshore West Africa. The Lower Tertiary Wilcox trend of the GOM, alone, has seen over a dozen industry discoveries with world-class reserve potential. These are predominantly subsalt reservoirs at 5,000–10,000-ft water depths, with reservoir pressures over 25,000 psi at true vertical depths of 25,000 ft to 33,000 ft. Reservoir temperatures are in the range of 250°–300°F.

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2013 Fracturing Technology

2013 Fracturing Technology