Press Esc to close



For full content view: Log in Now!

  • Oil and Gas in the Capitals

    Dr. Øystein Noreng

    The ambitious European Union (EU) energy policy that aims to cut most of the region’s fossil fuel usage and greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 is being challenged by realities. The policy, published in early 2011, focuses on efficiency gains and clean technologies. Economic constraints got less attention. They are now knocking on the door, possibly knocking down much of the green energy policy. Less than two years since its publication, the EU’s green energy policy appears more costly than an-ticipated, less effective, and detrimental to industrial competitiveness. Moreover, it appears that some of the policies initiated are environmentally harmful, as the law of unintended consequences applies to measures that are ill-prepared.

This area of the site is restricted. In order to gain access, please either Log In, or subscribe to World Oil.

Two options are available to you for creating an account.

1. Get a Free Trial Subscription to World Oil Magazine and gain immediate access to select content on World Oil Online.

Start a Free Trial Subscription and gain immediate access to the complete current issue of World Oil Magazine. Plus, you’ll receive 3 upcoming issues of World Oil Magazine in print or digital format.* You also receive access to the Energy Events Calendar, Industry Statistics and WO Wire’s news and industry coverage.

Free Trial

2. Purchase a subscription to World Oil magazine and gain immediate and complete access to World Oil Online. As a Total Access subscriber you will have access to all areas of the site available to registered users and free subscribers as well as having access to such premium content areas as:

  • The Archives section containing over ten years of complete magazine archives,
  • The WO DataHub's engineering tables and directories,
  • The World Oil annual forecasts, including past predictions,
  • Select World Oil technical handbooks,
  • And much, much more!


Physical copies of this content may be available for purchase. Visit the Reprints & Back Issues section.

If you are already a paid subscriber and do not have access, please email



Engineering Data Tables

World Oil's specialized upstream Engineering Data Tables featuring the Drill Bit Classifier, Tubing Tables and more. Get Total Access today.


2013 Fracturing Technology

2013 Fracturing Technology