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  • Sound and the marine environment: Keeping up with the regulations

    D. Hedgeland

    The level of political, public and regulatory interest in protecting the marine environment, particularly in relation to sound, has increased significantly in recent years. Many within industry are aware that several regions have implemented regulations and guidelines related to exploration and production activities offshore to reduce the risk of acoustic disturbance from those activities to marine animals, particularly marine mammals, turtles and fisheries. Such regulations or guidelines vary between geographic regions and have been based on a combination of precaution and various levels of scientific research. It is widely recognized that education, information and knowledge are critical components to improving our understanding of both the natural life history of, and the potential anthropogenic effects on, the marine environment. It is also recognized that there are still many unknowns in our understanding of the marine environment.

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2013 Fracturing Technology

2013 Fracturing Technology