Press Esc to close



For full content view: Log in Now!

  • Shuttle tankers vs. pipelines in the GOM frontier

    J. Wilson

    The first Floating Production, Storage and Offloading (FPSO) development is moving forward in the remote, ultra-deep waters of the US Gulf of Mexico (GOM) at Petrobras’ Cascade and Chinook Fields in the promising Lower Tertiary play, Fig. 1. FPSOs are commonly used in other deepwater provinces, but were prohibited in the GOM until recently. Their use makes sense in a frontier environment, especially from a transportation standpoint. Pipeline costs rise disproportionately as water depths increase, while shuttle tanker costs are insensitive to water depth and-to a certain extent-to distance. Wood Mackenzie has analyzed the transportation options of a hypothetical oil discovery in a remote part of the Lower Tertiary play, comparing the costs of shuttle tanker use to paying tariffs through new and existing pipelines. The shuttle tanker has a cost advantage over a pipeline when considering the full life of the field; however, the advantage is concentrated in the first half of the field’s life.

This area of the site is restricted. In order to gain access, please either Log In, or subscribe to World Oil.

Two options are available to you for creating an account.

1. Get a Free Trial Subscription to World Oil Magazine and gain immediate access to select content on World Oil Online.

Start a Free Trial Subscription and gain immediate access to the complete current issue of World Oil Magazine. Plus, you’ll receive 3 upcoming issues of World Oil Magazine in print or digital format.* You also receive access to the Energy Events Calendar, Industry Statistics and WO Wire’s news and industry coverage.

Free Trial

2. Purchase a subscription to World Oil magazine and gain immediate and complete access to World Oil Online. As a Total Access subscriber you will have access to all areas of the site available to registered users and free subscribers as well as having access to such premium content areas as:

  • The Archives section containing over ten years of complete magazine archives,
  • The WO DataHub's engineering tables and directories,
  • The World Oil annual forecasts, including past predictions,
  • Select World Oil technical handbooks,
  • And much, much more!


Physical copies of this content may be available for purchase. Visit the Reprints & Back Issues section.

If you are already a paid subscriber and do not have access, please email



Engineering Data Tables

World Oil's specialized upstream Engineering Data Tables featuring the Drill Bit Classifier, Tubing Tables and more. Get Total Access today.


2013 Fracturing Technology

2013 Fracturing Technology